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Impromptu Speaking Cheat Sheet by

IMPROMPTU OVERVIEW

TIMING
Preparation: 5 mins [can use laptop]
Spea­king: 1.5-3 mins [palm-­sized cue card]
1. Start with an attention grabber
2. State your topic and explain what it means
3. State your first point + evidence
4. Start your conclusion [at 2:00 latest]
3b. State your third point + evidence
[optional]
3a. State your second point + evidence
[optional]
5. Say "­Thank You" and leave the stage

PRE-SP­EECH: STEP 1

What do you understand about the topic? Summarise in a short phrase.
Examples:
Competition is necessary
Love conquers all
Practice makes perfect
Singapore needs foreign talent

PRE-SP­EECH: STEP 2

What do you know about the topic?
Can you write down 1 - 3 main points that you can talk about?
Do you need to do research?
Do you need to define any terms in the question?

PRE-SP­EECH: STEP 3

What speech structure will you use? Choose 1 below
PREP - Position, Reason, Evidence, Position
PSC - Point, Support, Conclu­sion
PPF - Past, Present, Future
Additi­onal: Pros & Cons, Compare & Contrast, Situat­ion­/Ac­tio­n/R­esult
 

WRITE THE SPEECH: STEP 1

Start your speech with 1 attention grabber
PROP - Choose 1 item that can symbolise the meaning of your topic
QUES­TION - Wait for the audience to give you a response
QUOT­ATION - Use the quotation given or another relevant quotation
STORY - Choose a relevant story to engage the audience
STAT­IST­ICS - to shock or demystify a topic

WRITE THE SPEECH: STEP 2

What is the content of your speech?
What do you feel about this topic?
Why do you feel this way?
What evid­ence do you have to support your point?
Personal experience
Other stories
General knowledge
Statistics

WRITE THE SPEECH: STEP 3

Summarise the points you made in your speech
[OPT­ION­AL]­I­nclude one of the following [make sure it is relevant!]
1. Quotat­ion (same one or another relevant one) or
2. Story (to summarise your speech) or
3. Inspir­ational message or
Examples:
Failure is the mother of success
Accept each other's differences
Friends are important, treasure them

4. Call to action
Examples:
Spend more time with your family
Smile at the next stranger you meet
Stop working too hard
Say "­Thank You" and leave the stage
 

IF YOU DON'T KNOW WHAT TO SAY

QUOT­ATION - Who is the author?
What is/was he/she famous for?
Why would he/she say such a quote?
How does the meaning of the quote apply to your career / life / relati­ons­hips?
POLITICS / BUSINESS - Has there been a similar situat­ion(s) that happened in your CCA / workplace?
SOCIAL / CURRENT - Imagine it is happening to you right now. What would you do / not do? How will it impact you now and in the future?

SPEECH DELIVERY

Don't show your nervou­sness onstage - Relax yourself offstage
Take relaxing deep breaths until you feel steadier
Smile naturally as you begin - try to keep smiling throughout
Keep your eyes on 2-3 people at different parts of the room at least 75% of the time

Never read from a script / paper / mobile phone
Pause at the right time. Silently count up to 6 for questions, up to 2 if you are moving to a new point
Speak louder than conver­sat­ional tone - this will help you speak slowly
Slow down if you are feeling out of breath / keep your energy consistent
Don't walk around the stage - stand and face the audience squarely

RELAXING STRATEGIES

DEEP BREATHING - Suck in air through your nose and exhale through your mouth

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Comments

Interesting work, thank you !

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