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Cheatography

alkane, alkene, alkyne Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Alkanes

bonds
single bonded carbon atoms to hydrogen atoms
simplest organic compou­nds
straight chain hydroc­arbons
pola­rity
non polar
satu­rated
contain as many hydrogen atoms as possible

IUPAC rules for naming alkanes

without branches
named according to number of carbon atoms
subs­tit­uents present
root name is that of the longest continuous carbon chain
numb­ering main chain
start at end so substi­tuents receive the lowest number possible
two or more of same substi­tuent
di-, tri-, tetra-, etc
order
alphab­etical
numb­ering
commas between numbers, dash between number and word
exam­ple
2,3-di­met­hyl­-4-­chl­oro­heptane