integers/floats = numbers
single = #comment
strings/text = characters
multi = """comment"""
boolean = true/false
int() change number into integer
float() change number into decimal
input() ask for information from user
str() A list of number, letter and symbols
concatenation = joining multiple strings together
ex. phrase = "Task" + "is" + "balding"
output = TaskisBalding
phrase = "Task " + "is " + "balding"
output = Task is Balding
upper = capital letter ; upper()
ex. print (cat.upper())
lower = small letter ; lower()
ex. print (cat.lower())
str = make into string
ex. x = 47
y = str(x)
dot notation can use only string
output : print()
assigning strings : using "..."
string placement : 1st letter = 0
print multiple variables : using comma
** to the power of
length : how many symbols are used ex. len(cat)
blank space counts as a character
ex : dog = "small puppy"