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AP US History 1800-1848 Cheat Sheet by


Thomas Jefferson (1801-­1809)
Democratic Republ­ican, Louisiana Purchase, Lewis & Clark, Marbury V. Madison (Judicial Review), Reelected, Embargo Act of 1807
James Madison (1809-­1817)
Democratic Republ­ican, Nonint­erc­ourse Act of 1809, Macon's Bill No. 2, War of 1812, War Hawks Treaty of Ghent, Hartford Conven­tion, Fletcher V. Peck, Martin V. Hunter's Lease
James Monroe (1817-­1825)
Democratic Republ­ican, Era of Good Feelings, Tariff of 1816, The America System, Panic of 1819, Dartmouth College V. Woodward, McCulloch V. Maryland, Cohens V. Virginia, Gibbons V. Ogden, Missouri Compro­mise, Tallmadge Amendment, Rush-Bagot Agreement, Treaty of 1818, Florida Purchase Treaty, Monroe Doctrine, Market Revolu­tion, Beginnings of Irish and German immigr­ation,
John Quincy Adams (1825-­1829)
Election of 1824, Internal improv­ements, New Tariffs
Andrew Jackson (1829-­1837)
Democrat, Peggy Eaton Affair, Indian Removal Act, Cherokee Nation V. Georgia, Worcester V. Georgia, Trail of Tears, Nullif­ication Crisis, Reelected, Destroy National Bank
Martin Van Buren (1837-­1841)
Panic of 1837, Cult of Domest­icity, Indepe­ndent Treasury
John Tyler (1841-­1845)
Mexican American War, Battle of the Alamo, Webste­r-A­shb­urton Treaty, Manifest Destiny
James K. Polk (1845-­1849)
Donner Party, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Ostend Manifesto

Movements and Reforms

Second Great Awakening (1823)
Charles G. Finney starts revivals in upstate New York, Baptists and Methodists in the South, Millen­nia­lists believed the world would end on October 21st with the second coming of Jesus, Mormons migrated West in order escape religious scrutiny
American Temperance Society (1826)
Founded by Protestant ministers, reform alcoholism and excessive drinking
NY Female Moral Reform Society (1834)
Women had more time, wanted to keep poor women from being prosti­tutes
One must discover themselves by challe­nging materi­alism and establ­ishing the indivi­dual, Brook Farm
Seneca Falls Convention (1848)
Wanted to establish women's property rights and voting rights

Court Cases

Marbury V. Madison (1803)
Establ­ished the idea of Judicial Review
Fletcher V. Peck (1810)
Land fraud in Georgia, Supreme Court declared a State Law uncons­tit­utional
Martin V. Hunter's Lease (1816)
Supreme Court has jurisd­iction over state courts when the cases involves consti­tut­ional rights
Dartmouth College V. Woodward (1819)
Contracts for private corpor­ations cannot be altered by the State
McCulloch V. Maryland (1819)
Federal laws can override State laws; "­implied power" of the Consti­tution, States cannot tax federal instit­utions
Cohens V. Virginia (1821)
Supreme Court can review state court's decisions when they apply to the power of the federal government
Gibbons V. Ogden (1821)
The Federal government has some control over interstate commerce
Cherokee Nation V. Georgia (1831)
Cherokee nation could not sue since they were not a nation
Worcester V. Georgia (1832)
Georgia has no right or force within the Cherokee territory
Common­wealth V. Hunt (1842)
As long as a union is peaceful, they can negotiate labor contracts with their employ­er(s)

Politics and Economics

Embargo Act of 1807
Prohibited sailors from going to any foreign port due to their neglect of American policies, US economy suffered, Britain traded with South America
Nonint­erc­ourse Act of 1809
Prohibited trade with only France and Britain
Macon's Bill No. 2 (1810)
If either France or Britain agree to U.S neutra­lity, the U.S would not trade with that nations enemy
Treaty of Ghent (1814)
Ends the War of 1812
Tariff of 1816
Only overall decently accepted tariff, created to pay off war debts
Henry Clay's American System (1816)
Protective tariffs, National Bank, and Internal improv­ements
Rush-Bagot Treaty (1817)
Establ­ished a border between the United States and Canada, limits weaponry on the Great Lakes
Treaty of 1818
Joint occupation of Oregon, joint fishing in Newfou­ndland
Florida Purchase Treaty or Adam-Onis Treaty
Spain sold Florida to the United States
Panic of 1819
2nd National Bank tightened credit in fear of inflation, banks closed, money deflation
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
Europe can no longer encroach on the Western Hemisphere
Tariff of 1828
South was enraged, caused nullif­ication
Congress' Preemption Act
Squatters can stay on public lands and purchase them for small fees
Panic of 1837
Jackson killed the National Bank prior, paper money became practi­cally useless, economic depression
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)
Paid Mexico $15 Million dollars, establ­ished the Rio Grande as the border and gave the U.S California


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