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Organic Chemistry 2 Midterm Topics Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by

Topics summarized from Midterm Organic Chemistry 2

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.


Species with unpaired electrons
Involved in the chemistry of burning, aging, disease, destru­ction of the ozone layer, and the synthesis of products.

10.1 Introd­uct­ion

Each atom takes one electron from the covalent bond that joined them.

10.1A Production of Radicals

Radical Reactions
Energy in the form of heat or light must be supplied to cause homolysis of covalent bonds.
Compounds with an oxygen­-oxygen single bond. Undergo homolysis readily when heated, because the oxygen­-oxygen bond is weak.
Alkoxyl radicals
The products of Radical reactions, which are two radicals.

10.1B Reactions of Radicals

Almost all small radicals are short-­lived, highly reactive species.
To remove an atom by homolytic bond cleavage as the atom forms a bond with another radical.
Hydrogen abstra­ction
Gives the halogen atom an electron to pair with its unpaired electron.