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Pulmonary Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by

Key components in the evaluation of patients with pulmonary symptoms are the history, physical examination, and, in most cases, a chest x-ray. These components establish the need for subsequent testing, which may include pulmonary function testing and arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis, computed tomography (CT) or other chest imaging tests, and bronchoscopy.

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.


Asthma is a disease of diffuse airway inflam­mation caused by a variety of triggering stimuli resulting in partially or completely reversible bronch­oco­nst­ric­tion. Symptoms and signs include dyspnea, chest tightness, cough, and wheezing. The diagnosis is based on history, physical examin­ation, and pulmonary function tests. Treatment involves contro­lling triggering factors and drug therapy, most commonly with inhaled beta-2 agonists and inhaled cortic­ost­eroids. Prognosis is good with treatment.