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Cheatography

Introduction to International Relations - Grieco Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by

Chapters 1-6, 7-8, 13

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Levels of analysis (1)

Individual Level
Important individual make decisions
 
Impact of individual citizens
 
Psychology of state leaders
State Level
Political and economical charac­ter­istics of a state
 
Conflict depends on systems at home
Intern­ational Level
Anarchy and hunger for power= war
 
Intern­ational organi­sations

Intern­ational System History (2)

Peace of Westphilia 1648
Made sovereign states
 
Nation­alised military (no private)
 
Pope market loss
Concert of Europe 1814
(Failed) congress between great eur powers
Scramble for Africa 1870
Interwar 1919-1939
Failed recons­tru­ction
Great Depression
1929-1939
Cold War 1945-1989
UN 1944
 
Truman Doctrine 1947
 
Marshall Plan
 
NATO 1949
 
Warsaw Pact 1955
 
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962
Contem­porary Int Order 1989-now
 

IR Theories (3)

Realism
Rational unitary actors in anarchy
 
Self-help system
 
Zero-sum game
 
Balance of power
 
Securi­ty-­dilemma
Liberalism
Rational non-un­itary actors in anarchy
 
More than military power matters
 
NGOs, IGOs, economic unions, intern­‚Äčat­ional regimes, etc
 
States mutually dependent
Constr­uct­ivism
Indivi­duals
 
Interests shaped by identity
 
Elites as biggest actors
 
Identity shaped by culture, religion, norms, etc
 
"­Anarchy is what states make of it"
Marxism
Main actors - socio-­eco­nomic classes
 
Political interest determined by class
 
State structure - lower serve higher
 
Class conflict defines relations - prolet­ariat vs Cbourg­eoisie
 
Revolution creates political change
Feminism
Women not repres­ented
 
Language
 

Foreign Policy (4)

Interests
Situation that govern­ments want to exists, so they are willing to pay a price
Strategy
Use of military means to achieve political aims
 
Altern­atively grand strategy - use of all natural resources for political aims
Strategy - persuasion
Diplomacy- discussing matters (bilateral or multil­ateral)
 
Incentives - benefits to a state
Strategy - Coercion
Sanctions, propag­anda, covert operations
Sources of Foreign Policy
Individual - leaders and psychology
 
State - instit­utions within national govern­ments, execut­ive­s/l­egi­sla­tures, public opinion, elections, news, interest groups
 
Intern­ational - geography, relative economic develo­pment, national capabi­lities
Changes in Foreign Policy
Individual - leaders learning, leadership turnover,
 
State - domestic regime change, NGOs and interest groups
 
Intern­ational - external shocks, changes in relative power

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