Show Menu
Cheatography

Use of Croatian Cases (without prepositions) Cheat Sheet by [deleted]

Common uses of Cases in Croatian

Nominative (N) = the dictionary form

• subjects: Ana jede. Ana is eating.
• with the verb biti be: Ona je gladna. She's hungry.
• with some other verbs:
   Ona se zove Ana. Her name is Ana.
   Postajem star. I'm getting old.

Dative­/Lo­cative (DL)

• recipi­ents: Poslao sam pismo Ani. I sent a letter to Ana.
• motion to a person: Trčim Ani. I'm running to Ana.
• to express emotions and feelings:
   Ani je hladno. Ana is cold.
   Ani je dosadno. Ana is bored
• with the verb sviđati se like and similar verbs:
   Ani se sviđa Ivan. Ana likes Ivan.
• possession of body parts and kin, when used as objects:
   Perem Ani kosu. I'm washing Ana's hair.
• with some verbs:
   Pas pripada Ani. The dog belongs to Ana.
   Pomažem Ani. I'm helping Ana.

Instru­mental (I)

• tools: Pišem olovkom. I'm writing with a pen.
• means: Putuje vlakom. *He's travelling on a train.
• events repeating on days of week:
   Plešemo subotom. We dance on Saturd­ays.
• indefinite time: Putovali smo danima. We travelled for days.
• with some verbs: Bavim se crtanj­em. I do drawing.
 

Accusative (A)

• objects: Pas gleda Anu. A dog is watching Ana.
• time periods (must contain a 'measure'):
   Živio sam tamo jednu godinu. I lived there for a year.
• with verbs expressing pain, itch and discomfort:
   Anu boli glava. Ana's head hurts.
• with the noun strah fear: Anu je strah. Ana is afraid.

Genitive (G)

• counting: dva psa two dogs, pet pasa five dogs
• with quantity adverbs: nekoliko pasa several dogs
• to express indefinite quanti­ties: Trebam vode. I need some water.
• 'part': kraj filma end of the movie
• existence: Ovdje nema Ane. There's no Ana here.
• posses­sion: auto moje sestre my sister's car
• events within a larger time frame:
   Prošle noći je padala kiša. It rained last night.
• replacing N and A:
   after gerund­s:­pa­danje kiše falling of rain, pisanje pisama writing letters
   after osim except and umje­sto instead of
• with some verbs:
   Bojim se pasa. I'm afraid of dogs.
   Ne sjećam se Ane. I don't remember Ana.

Vocative (V)

• calling someone: Dođi, Ivane! Come, Ivan!

Help Us Go Positive!

We offset our carbon usage with Ecologi. Click the link below to help us!

We offset our carbon footprint via Ecologi
 

Comments

No comments yet. Add yours below!

Add a Comment

Your Comment

Please enter your name.

    Please enter your email address

      Please enter your Comment.

          Related Cheat Sheets

          More Cheat Sheets by [deleted]