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Vienna Principles Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

Vienna Principles of Scholarly Communications

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.


Between April 2015 and June 2016, members of the Open Access Network Austria (OANA) working group “Open Access and Scholarly Commun­ica­tion” met in Vienna to discuss this matter. The main outcome of our consid­era­tions is a set of twelve principles that represent the corner­stones of the future scholarly commun­ication system. They are designed to provide a coherent frame of reference for the debate on how to improve the current system. With this document, we are hoping to inspire a widespread discussion towards a shared vision for scholarly commun­ication in the 21st century

The Vienna Principles

1. Access­ibi­lity: Scholarly commun­ication should be immedi­ately and openly accessible by anyone.

2. Discov­era­bility: Scholarly commun­ication should facilitate search, explor­ation and discovery

3. Reusab­ility: Scholarly commun­ication should enable everyone to effect­ively build on top of each other’s work.

4. Reprod­uci­bility: Scholarly commun­ication should provide reprod­ucible research results.

5. Transp­arency: Scholarly commun­ication should provide open and transp­arent means for judging the credib­ility of a research result.

6. Unders­tan­dab­ility: Scholarly commun­ication should provide research in a clear, concise and unders­tan­dable way adjusted to different stakeh­olders.

7. Collab­ora­tion: Scholarly commun­ication should foster collab­oration and partic­ipation between resear­chers and their stakeh­olders.

8. Quality Assurance: Scholarly commun­ication should provide transp­arent and competent review.

9. Evalua­tion: Scholarly commun­ication should support fair evalua­tion.

10. Validated Progress: Scholarly commun­ication should promote both the production of new knowledge and the validation of existing knowledge.

11. Innova­tion: Scholarly commun­ication should embrace the possib­ilities of new techno­logy.

12. Public Good: Scholarly commun­ication should expand the knowledge commons.

The Vienna Principles

Deficits: Restricted Access & Collab­oration

Research results are often not publicly accessible even if they have been funded by the public.
Highly relevant research materials from publicly funded archives, museums, libraries and statis­tical invent­ories are either not available in digital form or inacce­ssible.
{fa-sq­uare}} Restricted access to and delayed dissem­ination of scholarly results limit knowledge transfer to resear­chers and other members of society.
Production of scholarly knowledge often happens in a closed system excluding expertise and experi­ences of scholars outside academia and other members of society. This is detrim­ental to research and restrains innova­tion.
Due to closed modes of commun­ica­tion, opport­unities for collab­oration among various actors remain unexpl­oited.
Research output is often commun­icated in a highly abstract domain­-sp­ecific language, preventing knowledge dissem­ination to other research fields and to other members of society.

Lack of Reprod­uci­bility & Transp­arency

The majority of research results cannot be reproduced due to lack of underlying data, process instru­ctions and context inform­ation.
Adequate contextual inform­ation is often missing, making it difficult to determine whether a piece of research is credible and can be built upon.
Evaluation by peer review has a mighty filtering function but is often untran­sparent and potent­ially biased.
There has been a rise in retrac­tions as a result of flawed practices, as well as (un)co­nscious wrongd­oing.

Technical and Legal barriers

Research products (data, materials, source code, etc.) often cannot be reused due to technical and legal restri­ctions (e.g. copyri­ght).
Overly restri­ctive copyright transfer agreements impede knowledge circul­ation, and contribute to an oligopoly of publishers and inform­ation service providers