Cheatography

# Solving Dimensional Problems Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

Solving Dimensional Problems

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

### Introd­uction: The 4-M Rule:

 When the parts are rejected or the gages or instru­ments are giving dodgy answers the red flag goes up and panic usually ensues. Everyone involved defends their turf, talent or toys which is normal but rarely answers the question of what’s gone wrong. We are frequently asked for help in such situations and as is often the case, a fresh set of eyes looking at the problem can be of benefit. I thought it might be useful for readers to have a checklist of sorts so they can narrow their focus to get to the cause of the problem from a measur­ement point of view. Everyone wants an app for everything but they are not always forthc­oming or workable. However, the 4-M rule can be used to keep you on track.

### Manpower

 Where some level of skill is required for the measur­ements, folks lacking it can be the most signif­icant source of trouble. Digital displays mean anyone can ‘read’ the device but often they are looking for a value and see it even though the display is showing something different (obser­vat­ional bias). This happens when the first few numbers of the display are right but the last digit is misread. A simple eye test may reveal a hidden problem. Manipu­lative bias can often cause the unwary to bring up the reading they are looking for by uncons­ciously using the measuring device to deliver it when the skill level required is high. Manpower problems are often the key source for repeat­ability problems

### 2. Machine

 Measuring devices, whether a CMM or digital indictor, are usually worth a first look to solve a problem. Even though they may have passed their last calibr­ation, they could still be the cause. This is due to the fact they just may not be precise enough for this applic­ation. Conver­sely, they may be suitable but the master they’ve been set to is not. In the latter case, it could be the master is the wrong shape, i.e. a flat faced master such as a gage block is setting equipment used to measure a diameter. This can cause poor linear response of the device. If the device physically contacts the work, a loose contact point can be the source of your repeat­ability problems. If the work being measured has a series of points for a datum but your setting master does not match them, it can cause problems

### The 4-M Rule:

 This rule indicates the problem will be caused by one or more of the following: Manp­ower: the people doing the measur­ements Mach­ine: the equipment being used is not approp­riate for the measur­ements Madh­ouse: the enviro­nment in which the work is being done is not suitable Mess: the workpiece and/or its tolerances are not suitable for the precision expected