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Principles of Nursing Practice Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Introd­uction

The Principles of nursing practice tell us what patients, collea­gues, families and carers can expect from nursing.

Nursing is provided by nursing staff, including ward managers (in hospitals) or team leaders (in the commun­ity), specialist nurses, community nurses, health visitors, health care assistants or student nurses.
For further inform­ation on the Principles of nursing practice please visit the RCN websit­e:w­ww.r­cn.or­g.u­k/n­urs­ing­pri­nciples

Principles

Principle A: nurses and nursing staff treat everyone in their care with dignity and humanity – they understand their individual needs, show compassion and sensit­ivity, and provide care in a way that respects all people equally.
Principle B: nurses and nursing staff take respon­sib­ility for the care they provide and answer for their own judgments and actions – they carry out these actions in a way that is agreed with their patients, and the families and carers of their patients, and in a way that meets the requir­ements of their profes­sional bodies and the law.
Principle C: nurses and nursing staff manage risk, are vigilant about risk, and help to keep everyone safe in the places where they receive health care.
Principle D: nurses and nursing staff provide and promote care that puts people at the centre, and involves patients, service users, their families and their carers in decisions to help them make informed choices about their treatment and care.
Principle E: nurses and nursing staff are at the heart of the commun­ication process they assess, record and report on treatment and care, handle inform­ation sensit­ively and confid­ent­ially, deal with complaints effect­ively, and are consci­entious in reporting the things they are concerned about.
Principle F: nurses and nursing staff have upto-date knowledge and skills, and use these with intell­igence, insight and unders­tanding in line with the needs of each individual in their care.
Principle G: nurses and nursing staff work closely with their own team and with other profes­sio­nals, making sure patients’ care and treatment is co-ord­inated, is of a high standard, and has the best possible outcome for the patient.
Principle H: nurses and nursing staff lead by example, develop themselves and other staff, and influence the way care is given in a manner that is open and responds to individual needs.
 

Nursing Ethics

Ethical Principles

Benefi­cence - to do good
Non-ma­lef­icence - to do no harm
Respect for Autonomy
Fairness
Truthf­ulness
Justice
To practice in an ethically sound profes­sional manner it is necessary to balance ethical consid­era­tions, with profes­sional values and relevant legisl­ation. The essence of ethical practice at all levels involves an indivi­dual, or team identi­fying what the legal, ethical and profes­sional standards required are and how these can be caring and compas­sio­nately applied to the challenges of clinical practice.

Implic­ations for advanced practice:

advanced practice as a higher level of practice requires practi­tioners to demons­trate expertise and advanced practi­tioners can sometimes be uncertain about their accoun­tab­ility and respon­sib­ility in relation to ethical and legal issues
advanced nursing role generally involves greater leader­ship, respon­sib­ility, autonomy and decisi­on-­making
advanced practi­tioners may also be called upon, or invited, to share their expertise by involv­ement in developing policies, procedures or guidance which will affect the practice of others
when facili­tating learning or being involved in research the advanced practi­tioner requires to be knowle­dgeable about specific ethical aspects, requir­ements or policies specif­ically related to these areas and be able to give advice