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Nursing Diagnosis for Alzheimer's Disease (NANDA) Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

Nursing Diagnosis for Alzheimer's Disease (NANDA)

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Introd­uction

Alzhei­mer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia among older people. Dementia is a brain disorder that seriously affects a person's ability to carry out daily activi­ties.

The cause and progre­ssion of Alzhei­mer's disease are not well unders­tood. Research indicates that the disease is associated with plaques and tangles in the brain. Current treatments only help with the symptoms of the disease. There are no available treatments that stop or reverse the progre­ssion of the disease. As of 2012, more than 1000 clinical trials have been or are being conducted to find ways to treat the disease, but it is unknown if any of the tested treatments will work. Mental stimul­ation, exercise, and a balanced diet have been suggested as ways to delay cognitive symptoms (though not brain pathology) in healthy older indivi­duals, but there is no conclusive evidence supporting an effect.

In AD, over time, symptoms get worse. People may not recognize family members or have trouble speaking, reading or writing. They may forget how to brush their teeth or comb their hair. Later on, they may become anxious or aggres­sive, or wander away from home. Eventu­ally, they need total care. This can cause great stress for family members who must care for them
 

Diagnosis & Related to

Diag­nosis
Related to
1. Urinary & Bowel Elimin­ation
neurol­ogical function loss / muscle tone, inability to determine where the bathroom / identify needs.
2. Disturbed Sleep Pattern
sensory changes.
3. Impaired physical mobility
neurom­uscular damage, decreased muscle tone or strength.
4. Self-care deficit
cognitive decline, physical limita­tions.
5. Disturbed Sensory Perception
changes in the reception, transm­ission, and / or integr­ation.
6. Altered thought processes
irreve­rsible neuronal degene­ration.
7. Ineffe­ctive individual coping
inability to resolve the issues, intell­ectual changes.
8. Impaired verbal commun­ication
intell­ectual changes (dementia, disori­ent­ation, decreased ability to cope with the problem).
9. Impaired social intera­ction
emotional changes (irrit­abi­lity, lack of confid­ence).
10. Imbalanced Nutrition, Less Than Body Requir­ements
sensory changes, it is easy to forget
11. Risk for Injury
weakne­sses, the inability to recognize / identify hazards in the enviro­nment.