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NFPA 101® Life Safety Code® Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Introd­uction NFPA 101® Life Safety Code®

Pioneer Network announced that all of the proposals that its National Long-term Care Life Safety Task Force: A Rothschild Regulatory Task Force submitted to the National Fire Protection Associ­ation (NFPA) have been approved and will be incorp­orated into the 2012 edition of NFPA 101® Life Safety Code®.

NFPA has made "­Rev­isions in health care occupancy rules to foster a more comfor­table, home-like enviro­nme­nt."­ This is due to the work of a Task Force supported by the Hulda B. and Maurice L. Rothschild Founda­tion.
http:/­/ww­w.p­ion­eer­net­wor­k.n­et/­Pro­vid­ers­/Li­feS­afe­tyCode/
Next steps include advocating for the adoption of the 2012 edition of the Life Safety Code by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and subsequent adoption by states across the country.

Kitchens

Kitchens will be permitted to be open to other spaces, and the corridor, as long as they meet all of the following criteria:
May use either reside­ntial or commercial stoves or cooktops
The kitchen cannot serve more than 30 residents
The kitchen must be within a smoke compar­tment and must only serve residents in that smoke compar­tment. However, if you have a building that has multiple smoke compar­tments, each one may have an open kitchen.
The smoke compar­tment where the kitchen is located, whether new or existing building, must be fully sprinkled.
A range hood must be provided with a fire suppre­ssion system, grease clean-out capability and a 500 cfm fan. You can get all of this in a hood manufa­ctured by "­Coo­ksa­fe,­" or combine a higher end reside­ntial hood with a UL 300a fire suppre­ssion system.
Hoods may be vented to the exterior or re-cir­cul­ating but do not need to meet full commercial hood requir­ements.
Local smoke alarms that are not tied into the fire alarm system may be provided in the area of the open kitchen.

Seating in corridors

Furniture may be provided in corridors when they meet all of the following criteria:
Furniture must be attached to the wall or floor to prevent it from migrating into the required hallway clearance or moving from its intended location. This can be achieved with a simple metal bracket that is screwed to the legs of the chair and to the floor. The bracket could be easily removed for cleaning and mainte­nance purposes.
Furniture in the corridor may not reduce the clear width of the corridor to less than 6 feet. That means if you have an 8ft corridor, you can have a maximum chair depth of 2 ft. If you have a 12 ft corridor, you could have up to 6 ft of furniture depth.
Furniture must be located only on one side of the corridor. This will allow residents to navigate the hallway contin­uously without having to weave back and forth across the hallway to get around seating areas. This also helps emergency respon­ders.
There are limits to how long a seating area can be and how far apart they must be spaced but these are all very generous.
The building must be sprinkled and must have smoke detectors in the corridors.

Decora­tions

Combus­tible decora­tions will be permitted in resident rooms, corridors, on doors, and in common space. There are limita­tions on the percentage of coverage depending on whether the building is sprink­lered and where located.

Fireplaces

This proposal will allow gas or electric fireplaces to be used in smoke compar­tments that contain sleeping rooms, but not within individual sleeping rooms. Some of the restri­ctions are that the controls must be locked and a sealed glass front must be provided to prevent anyone from throwing object into the flames.