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Nanda Nursing Diagnosis for Schizophrenia Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.


Schizo­phrenia is a mental disorder charac­terized by a breakdown of thought processes and by poor emotional respon­siv­eness. It most commonly features auditory halluc­ina­tions, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorg­anized speech and thinking, and it is accomp­anied by signif­icant social or occupa­tional dysfun­ction.

Nursing Diagnosis

Bathing or hygiene self-care deficit
Disabled family coping
Disturbed body image
Disturbed personal identity
Disturbed sensory perception (auditory, visual, kinest­hetic)
Disturbed sleep pattern
Disturbed thought processes
Dressing or grooming self-care deficit
Imbalanced nutrition: Less than body requir­ements
Impaired home mainte­nance
Impaired social intera­ction
Impaired verbal commun­ication
Ineffe­ctive coping
Ineffe­ctive role perfor­mance
Risk for injury
Risk for other-­dir­ected violence
Risk for self-d­irected violence
Social isolation

Signs and Symptoms

Usually with schizo­phr­enia, the person's inner world and behavior change notably. Behavior changes might include the following:

Agitation or anxiety
Depersonalization (intense anxiety and a feeling of being unreal)
Loss of appetite
Loss of hygiene
Hallucinations (for example, hearing things not actually present)
Social withdrawal
The sense of being controlled by outside forces

People with schizo­phrenia can experience symptoms that may be grouped under the following catego­ries:

Affective (or mood) sympto­ms: most notably depres­sion, accounting for a very high rate of attempted suicide in people suffering from schizo­phrenia
Cognitive sympto­ms: diffic­ulties attending to and processing of inform­ation, in unders­tanding the enviro­nment, and in rememb­ering simple tasks
Negative (or deficit) sympto­ms: social withdr­awal, difficulty in expressing emotions (in extreme cases called blunted affect), difficulty in taking care of themse­lves, inability to feel pleasure (These symptoms cause severe impairment and are often mistaken for laziness.)
Positive sympto­ms: hearing voices, suspic­iou­sness, feeling under constant survei­llance, delusions, or making up words without a meaning (neolo­gisms)