Show Menu

Nanda Nursing Diagnosis for Schizophrenia Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.


Schizo­phrenia is a mental disorder charac­terized by a breakdown of thought processes and by poor emotional respon­siv­eness. It most commonly features auditory halluc­ina­tions, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorg­anized speech and thinking, and it is accomp­anied by signif­icant social or occupa­tional dysfun­ction.

Nursing Diagnosis

Bathing or hygiene self-care deficit
Disabled family coping
Disturbed body image
Disturbed personal identity
Disturbed sensory perception (auditory, visual, kinest­hetic)
Disturbed sleep pattern
Disturbed thought processes
Dressing or grooming self-care deficit
Imbalanced nutrition: Less than body requir­ements
Impaired home mainte­nance
Impaired social intera­ction
Impaired verbal commun­ication
Ineffe­ctive coping
Ineffe­ctive role perfor­mance
Risk for injury
Risk for other-­dir­ected violence
Risk for self-d­irected violence
Social isolation

Signs and Symptoms

Usually with schizo­phr­enia, the person's inner world and behavior change notably. Behavior changes might include the following:

Agitation or anxiety
Depers­ona­liz­ation (intense anxiety and a feeling of being unreal)
Loss of appetite
Loss of hygiene
Halluc­ina­tions (for example, hearing things not actually present)
Social withdrawal
The sense of being controlled by outside forces

People with schizo­phrenia can experience symptoms that may be grouped under the following catego­ries:

Affective (or mood) symptoms: most notably depres­sion, accounting for a very high rate of attempted suicide in people suffering from schizo­phrenia
Cognitive symptoms: diffic­ulties attending to and processing of inform­ation, in unders­tanding the enviro­nment, and in rememb­ering simple tasks
Negative (or deficit) symptoms: social withdr­awal, difficulty in expressing emotions (in extreme cases called blunted affect), difficulty in taking care of themse­lves, inability to feel pleasure (These symptoms cause severe impairment and are often mistaken for laziness.)
Positive symptoms: hearing voices, suspic­iou­sness, feeling under constant survei­llance, delusions, or making up words without a meaning (neolo­gisms)