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Islam: The 6 Articles of Belief Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

Islam's Basic Articles of Faith

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Introd­uction

The Arabic word “Islam” literally means “submi­ssion” to the One True God alone. One who volunt­arily surrenders their will to God is called a Muslim, who can be from any racial or ethnic backgr­ound.

1. Belief in Allah

“Allah” is the unique Arabic name of The One True God. Allah has no rivals, partners, equals, children or parents. He is not like His creation, as nothing shares His divine essence and perfect attrib­utes. Some of His names and attributes include: The Creator, The Most Merciful, The Most High, The All-Po­werful, The Most Just, The All-Wise, The Sustainer and The All-Kn­owing.

He is the Creator and Sustainer of all, the One who has granted us countless blessings, such as our faculties of hearing, seeing and thinking, as well as the ability to walk, talk and be produc­tive. As such, we should acknow­ledge, thank and worship Him alone by following His guidance. It is rational to conclude that such a complex and balanced universe is not possible by any other than a powerful and intell­igent being.

2. Belief in the Angels

Angels are made from light, have allocated tasks and never disobey their Creator. Details about a few have been revealed, such as Gabriel, who delivers God’s message to the Prophets, and the Angel of Death, who takes the souls of people.

3. Belief in the Revealed Books

Allah sent divine revelation to His Messengers as a guidance and mercy to mankind. These include the Torah and Gospel as originally revealed to Moses and Jesus respec­tively, and the Quran as revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon them all).

The Quran is the literal word of God and the final revelation to all of mankind. There are many clear signs and miracles that it is from God, examples of which include:

Contains a simple, pure and universal message which appeals to Man’s inherent beliefs about Almighty God.
Contains a unique style of language that is univer­sally known as the pinnacle of Arabic eloquence and linguistic beauty – yet the Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) who was known, histor­ically, to be illite­rate.
Contains many scientific facts which have only been discovered recently despite being revealed over 1400 years ago.
Free from any errors or contra­dic­tions.
Preserved, word-f­or-­word, since it was revealed in its original Arabic language,

The most rational explan­ation for the many unique and miraculous aspects of the Quran is that it can only be from God. Together with the authentic sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), it is the primary source of Islamic knowledge.
 

The Six Articles of Faith (Iman)

4. Belief in the Prophets

Muslims believe that thousands of Prophets were sent by Allah, at least one to every nation, to convey God’s revela­tion. These Prophets include Adam, Noah, Abraham, David, Joseph, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad (peace be upon them all). Their mission was to return people to the worship of the One True God, to serve as practical examples of how to obey God, and to guide people to the path of salvation. Prophets do not share in any part of God’s divinity, and any type of prayer or worship towards the Prophets, or to God through them, is strictly forbidden and considered a violation of God’s right to be worshipped alone.

5. Belief in the Day of Judgement

The Day of Judgment is the inevitable event when each one of us will stand before our Creator and be questioned about our good and bad deeds. Every one of our actions will be accounted for, regardless of size.

On this momentous Day, Allah, the All-Just, will settle all matters fairly and no person will be wronged. Everyone’s rights will be returned. All will be treated justly, by either the reward of Paradise, or the punishment of the Hellfire. Without a Day of Judgement, life would be grossly unfair, as not everyone receives justice in this world.

6. Belief in Divine Destiny

Allah knows everything from the past, the present, and anything that will occur in the future. He has power over all things – nothing occurs without His knowledge and permis­sion.

Every person has been given the free will to choose between right and wrong, and will be held to account accord­ingly

Free will does not contradict the fact that events can only occur with God’s knowledge and permis­sion. Nor does it mean that God’s power over everything prevents or restricts people’s free will. God’s knowledge of people’s decisions does not mean that they are being forced to make such decisions, and God is not necess­arily pleased with everything that He allows to occur.