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International Socialist Principles IV Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

Globalization

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

IV. North and South: Global­isation

38. Recent decades have been charac­terised by an accele­rating intern­ati­ona­lis­ation of world affairs, or global­isa­tion. Oil shocks, exchange rate fluctu­ations and stock market crashes are directly transm­itted between the world's economies, North and South. New inform­ation techno­logies dissem­inate a mass culture to every corner of the world. Financial decisions by multin­ational corpor­ations can have far-re­aching effects overnight. National and intern­ational conflicts are generating huge and growing refugee movements of contin­ental and interc­ont­inental dimens­ions.

39. Further, global­isation of the intern­ational economy has shattered the bipolar division of the world which dominated the era of the Cold War. New industrial powers have emerged in the Pacific rim and, until recent setbacks, the rapidly developing Latin American nations. There are also new intern­ational forces such as China and the Non-Al­igned Movement. Interd­epe­ndence is a reality. It is more important than ever to establish multil­ateral instit­utions with a more equal role for the South under the aegis of the UN.

40. At a global level, economic crisis and conser­vative deflat­ionary policies have brought the return of mass unempl­oyment to many of the advanced economies. They have also had a destru­ctive effect on poor countries. They have wiped out export markets, sharpened the debt crisis and undone progress already made. At the same time, such regress in the South, combined with the necessity to service enormous debts, closed huge potential markets to the North. Thus the declining living standards of the debtor nations became a factor promoting unempl­oyment in the creditor nations.

41. A transf­ormed global economy must involve the growth centres of the South in a radically new way if it is to advance the develo­pment of either South or North. Programmes to stimulate economic and social develo­pment in the South can and must become a vehicle for stimul­ating the world economy as a whole. Such issues must feature as integral parts of global macro-­eco­nomic strate­gies.

42. In Africa, the contin­uation of the apartheid regime in South Africa is not only a crime against the majority of the people of that nation but has subverted the economic efforts of the Front Line States and had a negative impact throughout the entire continent. There, as elsewhere, the fight for human rights and democracy goes hand in hand with the battle for economic and social justice.

43. Africa and Latin America are in particular faced with an intole­rable debt problem which precludes the invest­ments and imports which are needed to ensure develo­pment and provide jobs for rapidly growing popula­tions. Global action to alleviate the debt burden is a precon­dition for progress. It must be a central goal of East-West cooper­ation in the common search for North-­South justice.
 

The Enviro­nmental Challenge

44. A critical and fundam­ental challenge of worldwide dimensions is the crisis of the enviro­nment. ln both the North and the South, the ecological balance is jeopar­dised. Every year, animal and plant species are being exterm­inated while there is increasing evidence of a depletion of the ozone layer. In the North, irresp­onsible indust­rialism destroys forest areas; in the South, the rain forests which are vital to the survival of the whole world are shrinking with alarming speed. In the rich countries, soil pollution is increa­sing. In the poor countries, deserts are encroa­ching upon civili­sation. Everywhere clean water is in short supply.

45. Since enviro­nmental destru­ction extends across national frontiers, enviro­nmental protection must be intern­ati­onal. It is, above all, a question of mainta­ining the relations between natural cycles, since ecological protection is always more economical and more respon­sible than enviro­nmental renova­tion. The best and cheapest solutions to the crisis are those that change the basic framework of production and consum­ption so that enviro­nmental damage does not occur in the first place.

46. We advocate joint intern­ational efforts to replace all enviro­nme­ntally damaging products and processes by altern­atives which enhance nature. The transfer of technology from North to South must not be allowed to become a matter of exporting ecolog­ically unacce­ptable systems, or the toxic wastes of rich economies. Renewable energy sources and decent­ralised supply structures should be encouraged in both North and South. Moreover, there must be an intern­ational early warning system to identify enviro­nmental threats and catast­rophes which cross national frontiers.

47. These enviro­nmental problems affect the whole world community as well as doing harm to the developing countries. Without multil­ateral assistance and cooper­ation, poor nations cannot solve them. For these reasons it is crucial to achieve a substa­ntial transfer of resources through develo­pment aid.

48. Such policies are compatible with qualit­ative economic growth, in the North and South, in order to meet the social and economic respon­sib­ilities of the future. Social investment in ecological recons­tru­ction - which many experts count as an expend­iture without benefits and which is not computed as part of the Gross National Product - is one of the most positive invest­ments a society can possibly make.