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International Socialist Principles III Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

Nature of Socialism and Peace

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

The Nature of Socialism

23. Democratic socialists have arrived at the definition of these values in many different ways. They originate in the labour movement, popular liberation movements, cultural traditions of mutual assist­ance, and communal solidarity in many parts of the world. They have also gained from the various humanist traditions of the world.

But although there are differ­ences in their cultures and ideolo­gies, all socialists are united in their vision of a peaceful and democratic world society combining freedom, justice and solida­rity.

24. The national struggles for democratic socialism in the years to come will show differ­ences in policy and diverg­ences on legisl­ative provis­ions. These will reflect different histories and the pluralism of varied societies. Socialists do not claim to possess the blueprint for some final and fixed society which cannot be changed, reformed or further developed. In a movement committed to democratic self-d­ete­rmi­nation there will always be room for creativity since each people and every generation must set its own goals.

25. In addition to the principles which guide all democratic social­ists, there is a clear consensus among socialists on fundam­ental values. Despite all diversity, it is common ground that democracy and human rights are not simply political means to socialist ends but the very substance of those ends - a democratic economy and society.

26. Individual freedom and basic rights in society are the precon­ditions of human dignity for all. These rights cannot replace one another, nor can they be played off against each other. Socialists protect the inalie­nable right to life and to physical safety, to freedom of belief and free expression of opinion, to freedom of associ­ation and to protection from torture and degrad­ation. Socialists are committed to achieve freedom from hunger and want, genuine social security, and the right to work.

27. Democratic socialism also means cultural democracy. There must be equal rights and opport­unities for the different cultures within each society as well as equal access for everyone to the national and global cultural heritage.

Peace - A Basic Value (28-30)

28. Peace is the precon­dition of all our hopes. It is a basic value of common interest to all political systems and necessary for human society. War destroys human life and the basis for social develo­pment. A nuclear holocaust could spell the end of human life as we know it.

29. A lasting peace cannot be guaranteed through nuclear deterrence nor through an arms race with conven­tional forces. Therefore disarm­ament and new models of common security are impera­tive.

30. What is now essential is the achiev­ement, not merely of military stability at the lowest possible level of defensive weapon systems, but also a climate of mutual political confid­ence. This can be developed through cooper­ation on projects for our common future and a new emphasis on peaceful compet­ition between societies with different political, economic and social struct­ures.
 

Peace - A Basic Value (31-34)

31. Peace is more than the absence of war. It cannot be based on fear or on ephemeral goodwill between the Superp­owers. The fundam­ental economic and social causes of intern­ational conflict must be abolished by the achiev­ement of global justice and by the creation of new instit­utions for the peaceful resolution of conflicts around the world.

32. The establ­ishment of a New Intern­ational Economic and Political Order is an essential contri­bution to peace. This should involve respect for national sovere­ignty and the right to national self-g­ove­rnment, negotiated settlement of conflict, and suspension of arms supplies to the parties in conflict. There must be both global and regional systems for cooper­ation and peaceful conflict resolution in all parts of the world. These could be brought about through the action of the UN, comple­menting agreements between the Superp­owers.

33. Peace is equally a necessity within nations. Violent ways of handling conflicts destroy opport­unities for develo­pment and human rights. Education for peace and disarm­ament must be intens­ified.

34. The milita­ris­ation of relations between nations of the South has become a serious threat to the future of humanity, as are the tensions between East and West. In some cases the major powers, with their tendency to globalise conflict, have engaged in proxy struggles in countries of the South. In others, the arms merchants of both East and West have contri­buted to raising the level of violence in the South as they sought political advantage or profit. It is undeniable that every war in the past four decades has been fought in those regions of the world. Social, economic and other causes of conflict in the South must be elimin­ated.

Initia­tives for Peace

35. Democratic socialists reject a world order in which there is an armed peace between East and West but constant bloodshed in developing countries. Peacek­eeping efforts must focus upon putting an end to these confro­nta­tions. Europe has a unique role in this process. For decades it has been the most likely battle­field for armed conflict between East and West. Europe can now become the area in which a new climate of mutual trust and restraint can develop and grow.

36. Initia­tives for peace require that different socio-­eco­nomic systems and nations cooperate with one another on projects for confidence building and disarm­ament, justice in the South and protection of the planet's biosphere. At the same time, they should engage in peaceful compet­ition in the fields of wealth creation, welfare and solida­rity. Societies should be prepared to learn from one another. It must become the norm for the different systems to trade, negotiate and work together. There should also be a place for frank and open exchange of views, in particular where issues of human rights and peace are at stake.

37. East-West cooper­ation in the common struggle to close the gap between North and South and for the protection of the enviro­nment are perhaps the areas of greatest potential for fruitful action to build human solidarity regardless of frontiers and blocs.