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Hare Psychopathy Checklist - Revised Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

Determining a Psychopathic Personality

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Introd­uction

The Robert Hare Psycho­pathy Checklist - Revised is considered by clinicians and resear­chers worldwide to be the 'gold standard' in assessing psycho­pathy. It is a complex clinical tool that is only used by experts in the field.

It is also considered to be the most accurate predictor of violent behavior that we have. Therefore, it is also being used to assess the probab­ility of a criminal re-off­ending as well as determ­ining the length of sentence and whether or not treatment is advised.

The Hare Psycho­pathy Checklist - Revised consists of 20 items which are rated 0 to 2, zero meaning 'does not apply', one 'applies somewhat' and two 'applies fully'. The Hare Psycho­pathy Checklist - Revised is completed on the basis of firstly, an interview with the subject, and secondly, corrob­orating inform­ation such as criminal history, medical history, school history etc.

Items 1-10

1. GLIB and SUPERF­ICIAL CHARM: smooth talking, verbally agile, a psychopath is rarely stuck for something to say. They are not in the least bit shy. In fact, they are not afraid to say anything!
2. GRANDIOSE SELF-W­ORTH: they have an opinion on everyt­hing, they boast and brag about the things they have done, their skills and abilities. They have enormous egos, plenty of confidence and arrogance and consider themselves superior. One psychopath said that he preferred to hear himself talk, because what he said was more intere­sting than what other people had to say.
3. SEEK STIMUL­ATION or PRONE TO BOREDOM: they like to be doing new and different things, always looking for excitement and entert­ain­ment. They take risks in what they do as well as what they say. For example, cult leaders, in a subtle way, may explain to their victims how exactly they are manipu­lating them. They rarely engage in activities that they find boring, or they don't finish the job.
4. PATHOL­OGICAL LYING: their ability to lie is stunning, even when they know there is a high probab­ility of being caught. Lies can be cunning and sly or unscru­pul­ously manipu­lative.
5. CONNING AND MANIPU­LAT­IVE­NESS: they deceive, cheat, con, bilk, trick or defraud others for personal gain. This is separated from no. 4 to the extent that the subject shows 'callous ruthle­ssn­ess', that is, a lack of concern or pity for the suffering and feelings of their victims.
6. LACK OF REMORSE OR GUILT: despite their words they experience little emotion or concern for the pain and suffering of their victims. They are unfazed, dispas­sio­nate, coldhe­arted, and unempa­thic. There is often a disdain for the victims, and they may even say the victims deserved it.
7. SHALLOW AFFECT: emotional poverty or very shallow feelings, coldness towards others despite seeming very friendly.
8. CALLOU­SNESS and LACK OF EMPATHY: a general lack of feelings towards other people. They tend to be heartless, contem­ptuous, indiff­erent and tactless.
 

Items 11-20

9. PARASITIC LIFESTYLE: they will intent­ionally manipulate and exploit others for financial gain. This goes along with poor motivation and little self-d­isc­ipline and no sense of respon­sib­ility in terms of earning their own living.
10. POOR BEHAVIORAL CONTROLS: there may be sudden expres­sions of annoyance, irrita­bility, aggression and verbal abuse. There may be sudden outbursts of anger and temper and they may act hastily.
11. PROMIS­CUOUS SEXUAL BEHAVIOR: they may have many brief encoun­ters, many affairs while married, and may be indisc­rim­inate in selecting partners (heter­osexual and homosexual relati­ons­hips) and even maintain several relati­onships at the same time. There is often a history of attempting to coerce many people into sexual relati­onships and they may take great pride in discussing their sexual conquests.
12. EARLY BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS: there is often a history of antisocial behavior before age 13, including lying, stealing, cheating, vandalism, bullying, truancy, sexual activity, fire-s­etting, substance abuse, and running away from home. Cruelty to animals or siblings is partic­ularly ominous.
13. LACK OF REALISTIC, LONG-TERM GOALS: while they talk about big plans, they show an inability or persistent failure to execute long-term goals; then may drift from one place to another lacking any real direction in life.
14. IMPULS­IVITY: many of their behaviors are not premed­itated and seem to be unplanned. They seem unable to resist temptation and urges or to delay gratif­ica­tion. They may not consider the conseq­uences and so they appear reckless, foolhardy and unpred­ict­able.
15. IRRESP­ONS­IBI­LITY: they will repeatedly fail to honor commit­ments or obliga­tions, in school, work, family or social situat­ions. The fail to turn up, don't pay bills, fail to honor contracts etc.
**16. FAILURE TO ACCEPT RESPON­SIB­ILITY FOR OWN ACTIONS - it seems like it's never their fault or their respon­sib­ility. They have little or no sense of duty or consci­ent­iou­sness and often deny their respon­sib­ility. And in denying, they will even try and manipulate others!
17. MANY SHORT-TERM MARITAL RELATI­ONS­HIPS: inability to maintain a long-term relati­onship because they are incons­istent and unreli­able.
18. JUVENILE DELINQ­UENCY: behavioral diffic­ulties between the ages of 13-18. Typically behaviors that are crimes or are clearly manipu­lative, aggressive and callous.
19. REVOCATION OF CONDITION RELEASE: they may have had their probation revoked for technical reasons such as failing to appear, carele­ssness and so on.
20. CRIMINAL VERSAT­ILITY: unlike other criminals who may specialize in one area they are often involved in diverse activi­ties, taking great pride at getting away with crimes.

Scoring

Subjects score between 0 and 40, zero being no psycho­pathy symptoms and 40 being a full-blown psycho­path. Normal indivi­duals typically score less than five and many non-ps­ych­opathic criminals (who do actually have symptoms of antisocial person­ality disorder) may score 20 to 22.

A score over 30 diagnoses the presence of psycho­pathy.