Determining depression in geriatric adults
This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.
15-item screening tool used to identify depression in older adults
Used with healthy, medically ill and mild to moderately cognitively impaired adults
Extensively used in community, acute and long-term care settings
Easy to administer and score
Same “yes/no” format as the LF (Long Form)
Takes ~ 5-7 minutes to administer
Public domain – many languages
The GDS-SF is a subset of 15 questions from the original GDS-LF with the highest correlation with depressive symptoms
Data supports the SF as an adequate substitute for the LF
Questions: Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS_SF)
1. Are you basically satisfied with your life?
2. Have you dropped many of your activities and interests?
3. Do you feel that your life is empty?
4. Do you often get bored?
5. Are you in good spirits most of the time?
6. Are you afraid that something bad is going to happen to you?
7. Do you feel happy most of the time?
8. Do you often feel helpless?
9. Do you prefer to stay at home, rather than going out and doing new things?
10. Do you feel you have more problems with memory than most people?
11. Do you think it is wonderful to be alive?
12. Do you feel pretty worthless the way you are now?
13. Do you feel full of energy?
14. Do you feel that your situation is hopeless?
15. Do you think that most people are better off than you are?
Instructions: Choose the best answer for how you felt over the past week. Note: when asking the patient to complete the form, provide the self-rated form
How to Score
Answers indicating depression are in bold; score one point for each bolded answer.
A score of 0 to 5 is normal
A score > 5 suggests depression
A score ≥ 10 is almost always indicative of depression