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Essential Diabetes Control Chart Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Introd­uction: Manage your diabetes ABCs

Knowing your Diabetes ABCs will help you manage your blood glucose, blood pressure, and choles­terol. Stop smoking if you smoke will also help. Working toward your ABC goals can help lower your chances of having a heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes problems.

A for the A1C test

The A1C test shows your average blood glucose level over the past 3 months. The A1C goal for many people with diabetes is below 7 percent. Ask your health care team what your goal should be.

B for Blood pressure

The blood pressure goal for most people with diabetes is below 140/90 mm Hg. Ask what your goal should be.

C for Choles­terol

Two kinds of choles­terol in your blood: LDL and HDL. LDL or “bad” choles­terol can build up clogging your blood vessels. Too much bad choles­terol can cause a heart attack or stroke. HDL or “good” choles­terol helps remove the “bad” choles­terol from your blood vessels.

S for Stop smoking

Stopping is especially important because both smoking and diabetes narrow blood vessels. Blood vessel narrowing makes your heart work harder. Quitting:
you will lower your risk for heart attack, stroke, nerve disease, kidney disease, diabetic eye disease, and amputation
your choles­terol and blood pressure levels may improve
your blood circul­ation will improve
you may have an easier time being physically active

Test Numbers

A1C (percent)
Fasting plasma glucose (FPG)a
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)ab
below 5.7
99 or below
139 or below
5.7 to 6.4
100 to 125
140 to 199
6.5 or above
126 or above
200 or above
aGlucose values are in milligrams per deciliter, or mg/dL.
bAt 2 hours after drinking 75 grams of glucose. To diagnose gestat­ional diabetes, health care profes­sionals give more glucose to drink and use different numbers as cutoffs.
Source: Adapted from American Diabetes Associ­ation. Classi­fic­ation and diagnosis of diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2016;3­9(1­):S­14–S20, tables 2.1, 2.3.

Diabetic Chart