This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.
Introduction: Manage your diabetes ABCs
Knowing your Diabetes ABCs will help you manage your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Stop smoking if you smoke will also help. Working toward your ABC goals can help lower your chances of having a heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes problems.
A for the A1C test
The A1C test shows your average blood glucose level over the past 3 months. The A1C goal for many people with diabetes is below 7 percent. Ask your health care team what your goal should be.
B for Blood pressure
The blood pressure goal for most people with diabetes is below 140/90 mm Hg. Ask what your goal should be.
C for Cholesterol
Two kinds of cholesterol in your blood: LDL and HDL. LDL or “bad” cholesterol can build up clogging your blood vessels. Too much bad cholesterol can cause a heart attack or stroke. HDL or “good” cholesterol helps remove the “bad” cholesterol from your blood vessels.
S for Stop smoking
Stopping is especially important because both smoking and diabetes narrow blood vessels. Blood vessel narrowing makes your heart work harder. Quitting:
you will lower your risk for heart attack, stroke, nerve disease, kidney disease, diabetic eye disease, and amputation
your cholesterol and blood pressure levels may improve
your blood circulation will improve
you may have an easier time being physically active
Fasting plasma glucose (FPG)a
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)ab
99 or below
139 or below
5.7 to 6.4
100 to 125
140 to 199
6.5 or above
126 or above
200 or above
aGlucose values are in milligrams per deciliter, or mg/dL.
bAt 2 hours after drinking 75 grams of glucose. To diagnose gestational diabetes, health care professionals give more glucose to drink and use different numbers as cutoffs.
Source: Adapted from American Diabetes Association. Classification and diagnosis of diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2016;39(1):S14–S20, tables 2.1, 2.3.