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Cheatography

Dialectics Decision Making Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

Socratic Method

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Introd­uction

1. Issue a clear statement of the problem to be solved.
2. Two or more competing proposals are generated.
3. Members identify the explicit or implicit assump­tions that underlie each proposal.
4. The team then breaks into advocacy sub, who examine and argue the relative merits of their positions.
5. The group reasse­mbles and makes a decision:
 ­ ­ ­ a. Embrace one of the altern­atives
 ­ ­ ­ b Forge a compromise
 ­ ­ ­ c. Generate a new proposal

Principles of Dialettics

The purpose of the dialectic method of reasoning is resolution of disagr­eement through rational discus­sion, and, ultima­tely, the search for truth. One way to procee­d—the Socratic method—is to show that a given hypothesis (with other admiss­ions) leads to a contra­dic­tion; thus, forcing the withdrawal of the hypothesis as a candidate for truth (see reductio ad absurdum).

Another dialec­tical resolution of disagr­eement is by denying a presup­pos­ition of the contending thesis and antith­esis; thereby, proceeding to sublation (trans­cen­dence) to synthesis, a third thesis.

It is also possible that the rejection of the partic­ipants' presup­pos­itions is resisted, which then might generate a second­-order contro­versy

Fichtean Dialectics (Hegelian Dialec­tics)

Fichtean Dialectics (Hegelian Dialec­tics) is based upon four concepts:
Everything is transient and finite, existing in the medium of time.
Everything is composed of contra­dic­tions (opposing forces).
Gradual changes lead to crises, turning points when one force overcomes its opponent force (quant­itative change leads to qualit­ative change).
Change is helical (spiral), not circular (negation of the negation).

Hegelian dialectic

Hegelian dialectic, usually presented in a threefold manner, was stated by Heinrich Moritz Chalybäus as comprising three dialec­tical stages of develo­pment: a thesis, giving rise to its reaction, an antith­esis, which contra­dicts or negates the thesis, and the tension between the two being resolved by means of a synthesis.
 

Socratic Method