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Conveyor & Sortation Equipment Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

Conveyor & Sortation Equipment

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Introd­uction; From A to B to ERP

Conveyors are the primary and most cost-e­ffe­ctive means of moving cartons, totes and packages. While conveyors themselves are fairly simple, their ability to commun­icate with one another and related systems is becoming increa­singly sophis­tic­ated.

I. Hardware

A. Conveyor
 ­ ­ ­ 1. Non-po­wered
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ a. Roller
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ b. Wheel
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ c. Chute
 ­ ­ ­ 2. Powered
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ a. Transp­ort­ation
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ (1) Belt
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ (2) Roller
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ (3) Modular belt
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ b. Accumu­lation
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ (1) Minimum pressure
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ (2) Zero pressure
 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ (3) Non-co­ntact
B. Sorters
 ­ ­ ­ 1. Line sorters (e.g., sliding shoe)
 ­ ­ ­ 2. Loop sorters (e.g., bomb bay, cross-­belt, tilt tray, etc.)

II. Software

A. Equipment level control
1. Device level control (e.g., variable frequency drive)
2. Conveyor level control (e.g., zone contro­llers on accumu­lation conveyor)
3. Sub system level control (e.g., 5 to 1 conveyor merge and sorter)
B. Order processing control
1. Storage
2. Planning
3. Routing
4. Picking
5. Wave management
6. Labor management

What does it look like when done right?

1. Material flow – An ideal materials handling system is designed to accomm­odate fluctu­ations in activity throughout the day and business levels throughout the year.
2. Inform­ation flow – An ideal connected distri­bution center gets the right inform­ation to the right people at the right time.
 ­ ­ ­ a. Not too much inform­ation
 ­ ­ ­ b. Not the wrong inform­ation
 ­ ­ ­ c. Not to the wrong people
 

Conveyor Belts