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CE Mark Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

What is a CE Marketing - European Trade

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.


CE Marking is the symbol as shown on the top of this page. The letters "­CE" are the abbrev­iation of French phrase "­Con­formitĂ© EuropĂ©­ene­" which literally means "­Eur­opean Confor­mit­y". The term initially used was "EC Mark" and it was officially replaced by "CE Markin­g" in the Directive 93/68/EEC in 1993. "CE Markin­g" is now used in all EU official documents.

1. CE Marking on a product is a manufa­ctu­rer's declar­ation that the product complies with the essential requir­ements of the relevant European health, safety and enviro­nmental protection legisl­ation, in practice by many of the so-called Product Direct­ives.

Product Directives contains the "­ess­ential requir­eme­nts­" and/or "­per­for­mance levels­" and "­Har­monized Standa­rds­" to which the products must conform. Harmonized Standards are the technical specif­ica­tions (European Standards or Harmon­ization Documents) which are establ­ished by several European standards agencies (CEN, CENELEC, etc).

CEN stands for European Committee for Standa­rdi­zation.
CENELEC stands for European Committee for Electr­ote­chnical Standa­rdi­zation.

2. CE Marking on a product indicates to govern­mental officials that the product may be legally placed on the market in their country.
3. CE Marking on a product ensures the free movement of the product within the EFTA & European Union (EU) single market (including totally 30 EEA* countr­ies), and
4. CE Marking on a product permits the withdrawal of the non-co­nfo­rming products by EEA customs and enforc­eme­nt/­vig­ilance author­ities.

General principles of the CE marking

1. The CE marking shall be affixed only by the manufa­cturer or his authorised repres­ent­ative.
2. The CE marking shall be affixed only to products to which its affixing is provided for by specific Community harmon­isation legisl­ation, and shall not be affixed to any other product.
3. By affixing or having affixed the CE marking, the manufa­cturer indicates that he takes respon­sib­ility for the conformity of the product with all applicable requir­ements set out in the relevant Community harmon­isation legisl­ation providing for its affixing.
4. The CE marking shall be the only marking which attests the conformity of the product with the applicable requir­ements of the relevant Community harmon­isation legisl­ation providing for its affixing.
5. The affixing to a product of markings, signs or inscri­ptions which are likely to mislead third parties regarding the meaning or form of the CE marking shall be prohib­ited. Any other marking may be affixed to the product provided that the visibi­lity, legibility and meaning of the CE marking is not thereby impaired.
6. Member States shall ensure the correct implem­ent­ation of the regime governing the CE marking and take approp­riate action in the event of improper use of the marking. Member States shall also provide for penalties for infrin­gem­ents, which may include criminal sanctions for serious infrin­gem­ents. Those penalties shall be propor­tionate to the seriou­sness of the offence and constitute an effective deterrent against improper use.

Products Needing CE

1. Appliances Burning Gaseous Fuels (AppliGas)
Used for cooking, heating, hot water produc­tion, refrig­era­tion, lighting or washing and having, where applic­able, a normal water temper­ature not exceeding 105 gC. Forced draught burners and heating bodies to be equipped with such burners will also be considered as applia­nces.
The "­gaseous fuel" means any fuel which is in a gaseous state at a temper­ature of 15 gC under a pressure of 1 bar.
2. Cableway Instal­lations to Carry Persons
Shall mean instal­lations made up of several compon­ents, designed, manufa­ctured, assembled and put into service with the object of carrying persons. These on-site instal­lations are used for the carriage of persons in vehicles or by towing devices, whereby the suspension and/or traction is provided by cables positioned along the line of travel.
3. Low Voltage Electrical Equipment
Any equipment designed for use with a voltage rating of between 50 and 1000 V for altern­ating current (A.C.) and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current (D.C.). Therefore, it is called often "Low Voltage Electrical Equipm­ent­" which includes the vast majority of electrical equipment in everyday use.
4. Constr­uction Products
Any product which is produced for incorp­oration in a permanent manner in constr­uction works, including both buildings and civil engine­ering works.
5. Equipment and Protective Systems for Used in Potent­ially Explosive Atmosp­heres (Atex)
Equipment means machines, apparatus, fixed or mobile devices, control components and instru­men­tation thereof and detection or prevention systems which, separately or jointly, are intended for the genera­tion, transfer, storage, measur­ement, control and conversion of energy for the processing of material and which are capable of causing an explosion through their own potential sources of ignition.
Protective systems means design units which are intended to halt incipient explosions immedi­ately and/or to limit the effective range of explosion flames and explosion pressures. Protective systems may be integrated into equipment or separately placed on the market for use as autonomous systems.
Components means any item essential to the safe functi­oning of equipment and protective systems but with no autonomous function. Explosive atmosp­heres Mixture with air, under atmosp­heric condit­ions, of flammable substances in the form of gases, vapors, mists or dusts in which, after ignition has occurred, combustion spreads to the entire unburned mixture.
Potent­ially explosive atmosphere means an atmosphere which could become explosive due to local and operat­ional condit­ions.
6. Explosives for Civil Uses
Materials and articles considered to be such in the United Nations recomm­end­ations on the transport of dangerous goods and falling within Class 1 of those recomm­end­ations.
7. Hot Water Boilers
A boiler fired by liquid or gaseous fuels with a rated output of between 4 kW and 400 kW (including 4 kW and 400 kW).
8. Lift
An appliance serving specific levels, having a car moving along guides which are rigid and inclined at an angle of more than 15 degrees to the horizontal and intended for the transport of:
 ­ - persons,
 ­ - persons and goods,
 ­ - goods alone if the car is access­ible, that is to say, a person may enter it without diffic­ulty, and fitted with controls situated inside the car or within reach of a person inside.
9. Machinery "­mac­hin­ery­" means:
an assembly of linked parts or compon­ents, at least one of which moves, with the approp­riate actuators, control and power circuits, etc., joined together for a specific applic­ation, in particular for the proces­sing, treatment, moving or packaging of a material,
an assembly of machines which, in order to achieve the same end, are arranged and controlled so that they function as an integral whole,
interc­han­geable equipment modifying the function of a machine, which is placed on the market for the purpose of being assembled with a machine or a series of different machines or with a tractor by the operator himself in so far as this equipment is not a spare part or a tool.
10. Measuring Instru­ments
Any device or system with a measur­ement function that is covered by Articles 1 and 3; more.
11. Medical Devices
Defined in Directive (93/42­/EEC) as: any instru­ment, apparatus, appliance, material or other article, whether used alone or in combin­ation, including the software necessary for the proper applic­ation, intended by the manufa­cturer to be used for human beings for the purpose of :
diagnosis, preven­tion, monito­ring, treatment or allevi­ation of a disease, an injury or a handicap.
invest­iga­tion, replac­ement or modifi­cation of the anatomy or of a physio­logical process.
control of conception and which does not achieve its principal intended action in or on the human body by pharma­col­ogical, immuno­logical or metabolic means, but which may be assisted by such means.
12. Active Implan­table Medical Devices
Any medical device relying for its functi­oning on a source of electrical energy or any source of power other than that directly generated by the human body or gravity
The "­active implan­table medical device­" means any active medical device which is intended to be totally or partially introd­uced, surgically or medically, into the human body or by medical interv­ention into a natural orifice, and which is intended to remain after the procedure.
13. In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices
Any medical device which is a reagent, reagent product, calibr­ator, control material, kit, instru­ment, apparatus, equipment, or system, whether used alone or in combin­ation, intended by the manufa­cturer to be used in vitro for the examin­ation of specimens, including blood and tissue donations, derived from the human body, solely or princi­pally for the purpose of providing inform­ation:
 ­ ­ ­ - concerning a physio­logical or pathol­ogical state, or
 ­ ­ ­ - concerning a congenital abnorm­ality, or
 ­ ­ ­ - to determine the safety and compat­ibility with potential recipi­ents, or
 ­ ­ ­ - to monitor therap­eutic measures.
14. Non-au­tomatic Weighing Instru­ments
A "­Wei­ghing Instru­men­t" is defined as a measuring instrument serving to determine the mass of a body by using the action of gravity on that body. A weighing instrument may also serve to determine other mass-r­elated magnit­udes, quanti­ties, parameters or charac­ter­istics.
A "­non­-au­tomatic weighing instru­men­t" is defined as a weighing instrument requiring the interv­ention of an operator during weighing.
15. Radio Equipment & Teleco­mmu­nic­ations Terminal Equipment (R&TTE)
A product, or relevant component thereof, capable of commun­ication by means of the emission and/or reception of radio waves utilising the spectrum allocated to terres­tri­al/­space radioc­omm­uni­cation.

A "­tel­eco­mmu­nic­ations terminal equipm­ent­" means a product enabling commun­ication or a relevant component thereof which is intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public teleco­mmu­nic­ations networks (that is to say, teleco­mmu­nic­ations networks used wholly or partly for the provision of publicly available teleco­mmu­nic­ations services).
16. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Any device or appliance designed to be worn or held by an individual for protection against one or more health and safety hazards.
17. Simple Pressure Vessels
Any welded vessel subjected to an internal gauge pressure greater than 0,5 bar which is intended to contain air or nitrogen and which is not intended to be fired. more
18. Pressure Equipment
Means vessels, piping, safety access­ories and pressure access­ories.
Where applic­able, pressure equipment includes elements attached to pressu­rized parts, such as flanges, nozzles, couplings, supports, lifting lugs, etc.
 ­'Ve­ssel` means a housing designed and built to contain fluids under pressure including its direct attach­ments up to the coupling point connecting it to other equipment. A vessel may be composed of more than one chamber.
 ­'Pi­ping` means piping components intended for the transport of fluids, when connected together for integr­ation into a pressure system. Piping includes in particular a pipe or system of pipes, tubing, fittings, expansion joints, hoses, or other pressu­re-­bearing components as approp­riate. Heat exchangers consisting of pipes for the purpose of cooling or heating air shall be considered as piping.
 ­'Safety access­ories` means devices designed to protect pressure equipment against the allowable limits being exceeded. Such devices include:
 ­ ­ ­ - devices for direct pressure limita­tion, such as safety valves, bursting disc safety devices, buckling rods, controlled safety pressure relief systems (CSPRS), and
 ­ ­ ­ - limiting devices, which either activate the means for correction or provide for shutdown or shutdown and lockout, such as pressure switches or temper­ature switches or fluid level switches and 'safety related measur­ement control and regulation (SRMCR)` devices.
'Pressure access­ories` means devices with an operat­ional function and having pressu­re-­bearing housings.
'Assem­blies` means several pieces of pressure equipment assembled by a manufa­cturer to constitute an integrated and functional whole.
19. Recrea­tional Craft
Any boat of any type, regardless of the means of propul­sion, from 2,5 to 24 m hull length, measured according to the approp­riate harmonized standards intended for sports and leisure purposes.
20. Toys
Any product or material designed or clearly intended for use in play by children of less than 14 years of age.