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Attributes of a Torah Scholar Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

The 48 qualities of a Torah Scholar

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.


Torah is greater than the priesthood or sovere­ignty, for sovere­ignty is acquired with thirty virtues, the priesthood with twenty­-four and Torah is acquired with forty-­eight qualities.

48 Attributes

1. by audible study,
2. by distinct pronun­cia­tion,
3. by unders­tan­ding,
4. by discer­nment of the heart,
5. by awe,
6. by reverence,
7. by meekness,
8. by cheerf­ulness,
9. by minist­ering to the sages,
10. by attaching oneself to collea­gues,
11. by discussion with disciples,
12. by sedate­ness,
13. by knowledge of the Scripture,
14. by knowledge of the Mishnah,
15. by minimizing business,
16. by minimizing worldly interests,
17. by minimizing indulg­ence,
18. by minimizing sleep,
19. by minimizing conver­sation,
20. by minimizing jesting,
21. by patience,
22. by a good heart,
23. by faith in the sages,
24. by resign­ation under afflic­tion,
25. by knowing one's place,
26. by rejoicing in one's lot,
27. by setting a limit to one's words,
28. by not claiming merit for oneself,
29. by being one that is beloved,
30. by loving God,
31. by loving one's fellow- men,
32. by loving the ways of justice,
33. by loving rectitude,
34. by loving reproof,
35. by keeping oneself far from the pursuit of honor,
36. by not being arrogant in learning,
37. by not delighting to lay down legal decisions,
38. by bearing the yoke with one's fellow student,
39. by judging him favorably,
40. by leading him to truth and peace,
41. by being composed in one's study,
42. by questi­oning and answering,
43. by hearing and adding to what one hears,
44. by learning in order to teach,
45. by learning in order to practice,
46. by making one's master wiser,
47. by fixing attention upon his discourse, and
48. by reporting a thing in the name of him who said it.
Thus we have learned: One who says something in the name of its speaker brings redemption to the world, as is stated, "And Esther told the King in the name of Mordec­hai." -- (Esther 2:22)

Pirkei Avot