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Approaches in Psychology Cheat Sheet by

Psychology is a science that investigates the mind of the human being and, consequently, his behavior, objectively separating his mental state and his behavior. In addition, psychology needs other sciences to be able to understand the human mentality.

Cognitive psychology

It is based only on the cognitive study of the human being. It studies the human mind and the processes it follows in acquiring and storing knowledge. Its goal is to analyze the reason for learning, memory, and perception to know how things are formed in people's minds, their meaning, and logic and reasoning. Cognitive psychology learns how to recognize and retrieve the inform­ation people receive through the senses, their writing and reading skills, and even their ability to write free essays. It has a close relati­onship with artificial intell­igence and neuros­cience.

Humanistic psychology

Its focus is on analyzing a subject as a whole, based on the hypothesis that humans are innately good and are corrupted by external factors. The students of this current study people's behavior through their actions, thoughts, and looks. Behaviors cannot be separated from feelings, that no one can perform a behavior without being closely related to their emotions or feelings. Humanistic psycho­logists maintain that intent­ions, personal history, and self-image have a great deal of behavior.

Behavioral psychology

It, in turn, is subdivided into behavioral engine­ering, which is more techno­logical and is referred to as purely affective applic­ations, experi­mental analysis of human behavior, which is known as behavioral psycho­logy, and behavi­orism, which is the study of behavior itself. Together they become a set of organi­zat­ional levels that feedback and complement each other, as one cannot function without the other.

Gestalt psychology

It is just one of the many areas of psychology whose base or objective is the analysis of people's percep­tion, in which the subject tends to understand his perception as part of a whole and does not classify them or take them into account with the sum of different behavioral parts. This theory is respon­sible for highli­ghting all the mental repres­ent­ations that people have created; it is also accoun­table for collecting through percep­tions each model to which a subject has been exposed. It should be noted that the memories, sounds, or images stored in the mind influence behavior, as it creates a group of forms in the mind to make sense of various data.


It is nothing more than an invest­igative technique and a therap­eutic practice created by Sigmund Freud in 1896. Thanks to this technique, different psycho­logical schools of analyt­ical, dynamic, and profound orient­ation appeared. His theory influenced several therap­eutic and psycho­logical schools, which were not psycho­ana­lyt­ical. The main objective of this practice is to invest­igate and apply treatments in the different problems or emotional situations that arose in the patient's childhood. Still, it also seeks to interpret dreams, free associ­ation techni­ques, failed acts, among other essential aspects.


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