It is based only on the cognitive study of the human being. It studies the human mind and the processes it follows in acquiring and storing knowledge. Its goal is to analyze the reason for learning, memory, and perception to know how things are formed in people's minds, their meaning, and logic and reasoning. Cognitive psychology learns how to recognize and retrieve the information people receive through the senses, their writing and reading skills, and even their ability to write free essays
. It has a close relationship with artificial intelligence and neuroscience.
Its focus is on analyzing a subject as a whole, based on the hypothesis that humans are innately good and are corrupted by external factors. The students of this current study people's behavior through their actions, thoughts, and looks. Behaviors cannot be separated from feelings, that no one can perform a behavior without being closely related to their emotions or feelings. Humanistic psychologists maintain that intentions, personal history, and self-image have a great deal of behavior.
It, in turn, is subdivided into behavioral engineering, which is more technological and is referred to as purely affective applications, experimental analysis of human behavior, which is known as behavioral psychology, and behaviorism, which is the study of behavior itself. Together they become a set of organizational levels that feedback and complement each other, as one cannot function without the other.
It is just one of the many areas of psychology whose base or objective is the analysis of people's perception, in which the subject tends to understand his perception as part of a whole and does not classify them or take them into account with the sum of different behavioral parts. This theory is responsible for highlighting all the mental representations that people have created; it is also accountable for collecting through perceptions each model to which a subject has been exposed. It should be noted that the memories, sounds, or images stored in the mind influence behavior, as it creates a group of forms in the mind to make sense of various data.
It is nothing more than an investigative technique and a therapeutic practice created by Sigmund Freud
in 1896. Thanks to this technique, different psychological schools of analytical, dynamic, and profound orientation appeared. His theory influenced several therapeutic and psychological schools, which were not psychoanalytical. The main objective of this practice is to investigate and apply treatments in the different problems or emotional situations that arose in the patient's childhood. Still, it also seeks to interpret dreams, free association techniques, failed acts, among other essential aspects.